|The global spread of coffee growing and drinking began in the Horn of Africa, where, according to legend, coffee trees originated in the Ethiopian province of Kaffa. It is recorded that the fruit of the plant, known as coffee cherries, was eaten by slaves taken from present day Sudan into Yemen and Arabia through the great port of its day, Mocha. Coffee was certainly being cultivated in Yemen by the 15th century and probably much earlier. In an attempt to prevent its cultivation elsewhere, the Arabs imposed a ban on the export of fertile coffee beans, a restriction that was eventually circumvented in 1616 by the Dutch, who brought live coffee plants back to the Netherlands to be grown in greenhouses.|
Initially, the authorities in Yemen actively encouraged coffee drinking. The first coffeehouses or kaveh kanes opened in Mecca and quickly spread throughout the Arab world, thriving as places where chess was played, gossip was exchanged and singing, dancing and music were enjoyed, a place where social and business life could be conducted. Perhaps predictably, the Arabian coffeehouse soon became a centre of political activity and was suppressed. Over the next few decades coffee and coffeehouses were banned numerous times but kept reappearing until eventually an acceptable way out was found when a tax was introduced on both.
– In 1615, a drink named “coffee” had first been brought in Europe by Ventian traders.
– In 1616, the Dutch brought live coffee plants back to the Netherlands to be grown in greenhouses after centuries grown exclusivery in Arab.
– By the late 1600’s the Dutch were growing coffee at Malabar in India.
– In 1668, coffee was drunk in North America, soon after, coffee houses were established in New York, Philadelphia, Boston and other towns.
– In 1683, the first European coffeehouse opened in Venice.
– In 1699 the Dutch took some plants to Batavia in Java, in what is now Indonesia.
– In 1720, Caffe Florian in Piazza San Marco was opened.
– In 1730, the British introduced coffee to Jamaica, where today the most famous and expensive coffee in the world is grown in the Blue Mountains.
– In the late eighteenth century, coffee trees began to be widely grown in tropical countries.
In 1885, the French brought coffee to Vietnam. In the late nineteenth century, the French extended a lot of coffee plantations in Vietnam, derived from the Ha Tinh province of Thanh Hoa, to the central provinces of Quang Tri, Nghe An, etc. In 1925, coffee was first cultivated in the Central Highlands, and some southeastern provinces of Dong Nai, Binh Phuoc, etc.
Nowadays, coffee is once of the three most popular drinks in the world, with about 2.25 billion cups of coffee are cosumed everyday around the world, and this number is increasing.